Retained Earnings


Considering it as an imperative aspect in accountancy, ‘Retained Earnings’ indicates the percentage of net earnings that are still unpaid in terms of the dividends. However, the same percentage is stashed and reinvested in the core competencies of the business.

It is worth mentioning that on common grounds the incorporations pay off their debt through retained earnings and label it down under shareholder’s equity which is an integral part of the balance sheet.

As per accounting gurus and other formidable professors, ‘Retained Earnings’ enable the companies to induce the funds and invest into more productive departments and areas to thrive in the markets which includes getting hands on the new machines and investing in research and development department.

Moreover, it is said that the ‘Retained Earnings’ ledger is altered whenever there’s a transaction affecting ‘Income’ or the ‘Expense’ accounts. Furthermore, if a company’s net loss account is higher than the beginning retained earnings then it is said to be a deficit. It means that the ‘Retained Earnings’ plummets in negative figures which isn’t pleasing at all.


This formula evaluates the total amount of retained earnings by adding up ‘Net Income’ in the beginning ‘Retained Earnings’ and then eradicating ‘Dividends’ that are supposed to be paid to the shareholders. It’s a universal formula which helps in evaluating the right proportion of the Retained Earnings in our business to reinvest and garnish our weakened aspects in the market.

“RE= Beginning Retained Earning + Net Income – Dividends”

The amount we get in order to reinvest is also called ‘Retention Ratio’ and it has helped thousands of business setups to be back on the boulevard of success.